Reports & Publications

Puntland Situation Monitor (August 2020)

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY I Read Full Report (.pdf)

During August, the overall state of affairs in Puntland, Somalia, were relatively calm. There were a number of major security incidents at the state’s edges – in Galmudug-controlled parts of Mudug region, armed fighting between Al Shabaab and local militia led to heavy casualties. Similarly, clan violence in Somaliland-controlled areas of Sool region led to many fatalities. In Galkayo, Puntland Presidential Guard commander and his bodyguard were killed during a security operation against local criminal networks. Puntland security officials vowed to bring the attackers to justice. Meanwhile, ISIS branch in Somalia confirmed to the media that one of its leaders was killed in a U.S. airstrike in Bari region. During the month, there were no reported VEO incidents in areas controlled by Puntland forces. Meanwhile, state forces continued security operations in Bossaso and Galkayo, leading to arrests and raids on criminal networks.


Puntland and Jubaland states rejected attendance at Dhusamareb Conference 3, which was attended by Somali President, and state presidents of Galmudug, Southwest and Hirshabelle. Dhusamareb 3 communique proposed an electoral model for 2021 Somali national elections, including more delegate-voters and for the elections to take place at three districts of each Federal Member State (FMS). In 2016, the delegate-voters totaled 14,025 and elections took place only at FMS capital cities; however, the Dhusamareb 3 proposal increased the delegate-voters to over 80,000 delegate-voters representing electoral constituencies. Surprisingly, Puntland and Jubaland leaders held a consultative conference in Garowe but did not issue an alternative electoral plan. Instead, the two state leaders pledged to travel to Mogadishu for further discussions with the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS).


Meanwhile, Transitional Puntland Electoral Commission (TPEC) announced that 10 political associations were successfully registered to compete in the state’s 2021 Local Council elections. However, some political associations raised concern over plans to hold “pilot project” elections at three Local Councils. Another political association, Mideeye, issued a press statement welcoming Dhusamareb 3 communique, a move that was seen as challenging the Puntland government’s policy approach in relations with the FGS.


This Puntland Situation Report also covers the Puntland Ministry of Health’s concern over rising cases of COVID-19 and presents a critique of the Ministry’s high fees for COVID-19 travel medical certificates. The certificate fees in Puntland are significantly higher than rates in Mogadishu or Hargeisa.


Finally, the Report focuses on the Puntland president’s trip to Djibouti and media reports about a sunken ship at Bossaso port. The Report further notes the Puntland government’s concerns over UAE-based P & O Ports company and its lack of progress on construction of Bossaso port. Furthermore, the Report focuses on the Djibouti government’s possible investment interest in Gara’ad port project, a community-led construction initiative underway to become the state’s second commercial port.

Full Report: Read Full Report (.pdf)

Conflict Deja vu in Mudug Region: Impact of Statebuilding on Peace and Interstate Relations in Somalia (June 2020) (.pdf)
Somali Federalization Monitor (SFM)
Puntland Situation Report (PSR)

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